"I suggest there can be no hard distinctions between what is real and what is unreal, nor between what is true and what is false. A thing is not necessarily either true or false; it can be both true and false.... The more acute the experience, the less articulate its expression.
"Apart from any other consideration, we are faced with the immense difficulty, if not the impossibility, of verifying the past. I don't mean merely years ago, but yesterday, this morning. What took place, what was the nature of what took place, what happened? If one can speak of the difficulty of knowing what in fact took place yesterday, one can, I think, treat the present in the same way. What's happening now? We won't know until tomorrow, and [then] we'll have forgotten, or our imagination will have attributed quite false characteristics to today. A moment is sucked away and distorted, often even at the time of its birth.
"I think there's a shared common ground all right, but it's more
like quicksand. Because `reality' is such a strong word we tend to
think, or to hope, that the state to which it refers is equally
firm, settled and unequivocal. It doesn't seem to be, and in my
opinion, it's no worse or better for that."
Harold Pinter (1962). From a speech at the National Student Drama Festival, Bristol, England
Pinter H. (1962) Is Data Real? Speech at the National Student Drama Festival. Rasch Measurement Transactions 10:3 p.511
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"There are two kinds of truth: ordinary and profound. the
opposite of an ordinary truth is a falsehood, but the opposite of
a profound truth is also profound."
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"The fundamental nature of reality is not conservation of energy
or other quantities but endless creativity. Creativity is what all
tiny regions do in expressing their quantum nature. Reality is not
a zero-sum game."
Joel R. Primack and Nancy E. Abrams in Tikkun
Quotations. Rasch Measurement Transactions, 1996, 10:3 passim
|Rasch Measurement Transactions (free, online)||Rasch Measurement research papers (free, online)||Probabilistic Models for Some Intelligence and Attainment Tests, Georg Rasch||Applying the Rasch Model 3rd. Ed., Bond & Fox||Best Test Design, Wright & Stone|
|Rating Scale Analysis, Wright & Masters||Introduction to Rasch Measurement, E. Smith & R. Smith||Introduction to Many-Facet Rasch Measurement, Thomas Eckes||Invariant Measurement: Using Rasch Models in the Social, Behavioral, and Health Sciences, George Engelhard, Jr.||Statistical Analyses for Language Testers, Rita Green|
|Rasch Models: Foundations, Recent Developments, and Applications, Fischer & Molenaar||Journal of Applied Measurement||Rasch models for measurement, David Andrich||Constructing Measures, Mark Wilson||Rasch Analysis in the Human Sciences, Boone, Stave, Yale|
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