Applying the Rasch Model:
Fundamental Measurement in the Human Sciences

by Trevor G. Bond & Christine M. Fox, 2001.
Mahwah NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Assoc. 0-8058-3476-1.

"Trevor Bond has worked with the leading Rasch theoreticians for over 10 years. Since 1992, he has advised developmentalists and teachers on how to conduct and interpret Rasch analysis on their own data. He chaired the Rasch development symposium at The Growing Mind Piaget Centenary Conference in Geneva in 1996. At each of these occasions, Dr. Bond was asked to recommend a suitable text for those who wish to learn more about Rasch analysis. Unfortunately, the books published to date were written by statisticians and require significant knowledge of statistics, not easily accessible to practicing researchers. This lack of a suitable book is the driving force behind this book. The goals of this authored volume are:
* to present an accessible overview of the basic properties and principles of Rasch analysis, that does not require a great deal of sophisticated statistical background.
* to demonstrate how Rasch analysis can be applied to a number of generic problems encountered by psychologists and educators.
* to prepare the reader for performing their own Rasch analyses and interpretation of results. The market for this book includes psychological researchers and educators."

Excerpted from

Contents: Preface.
Why measurement is fundamental.
Important principles of measurement made explicit.
Basic principles of the Rasch model.
Building a set of items for measuring development.
Test equating: can two tests measure the same ability?
Measurement using Likert scales.
The partial credit Rasch model.
Measuring facets of beyond ability and difficulty.
Revealing stage-based development.
The rasch model applied across the human sciences.
Rasch modeling applied: rating scale design.
The question of model fit.
A synthetic overview.
Appendix: Technical aspects of the rasch model.
Appendix: Rasch resources.

The datasets described in this book can be downloaded from the official authors' website:

For Winsteps-Ministep step-by-step instructions, see

The book is available from Institute for Objective Measurement:

Applying the Rasch Model: Fundamental Measurement in the Human Sciences (book). Bond T., Ughrin T., Fox C. … Rasch Measurement Transactions, 2001, 15:1 p.790

Rasch Publications
Rasch Measurement Transactions (free, online) Rasch Measurement research papers (free, online) Probabilistic Models for Some Intelligence and Attainment Tests, Georg Rasch Applying the Rasch Model 3rd. Ed., Bond & Fox Best Test Design, Wright & Stone
Rating Scale Analysis, Wright & Masters Introduction to Rasch Measurement, E. Smith & R. Smith Introduction to Many-Facet Rasch Measurement, Thomas Eckes Invariant Measurement: Using Rasch Models in the Social, Behavioral, and Health Sciences, George Engelhard, Jr. Statistical Analyses for Language Testers, Rita Green
Rasch Models: Foundations, Recent Developments, and Applications, Fischer & Molenaar Journal of Applied Measurement Rasch models for measurement, David Andrich Constructing Measures, Mark Wilson Rasch Analysis in the Human Sciences, Boone, Stave, Yale
in Spanish: Análisis de Rasch para todos, Agustín Tristán Mediciones, Posicionamientos y Diagnósticos Competitivos, Juan Ramón Oreja Rodríguez

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