Bruce Choppin studied mathematics at Cambridge University in England before attending the University of Chicago, where he earned his PhD in the area of measurement, evaluation and statistical analysis. He was closely connected with IEA (International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement) from 1965 until his premature death in 1983. His first work with IEA involved data analysis for the English national report of the First IEA Mathematics Study. Along with Dr Alan Purves, he later undertook a small-scale exploratory study designed to measure student understanding and appreciation of literary prose and poetry. He also constructed several attitude and descriptive scales of the IEA Six-Subject Survey and headed its Data Processing Center in New York from 1969 to 1972.
Dr Choppin was a proponent of the Rasch method of scaling aptitude and achievement test scores (having come under the influence of Benjamin Wright). He was at the center of a debate about Rasch scaling at a time (the 1970s) when this method was still looked upon with skepticism by those in the field of testing. He wrote a monograph for IEA titled Correction for Guessing and, with Neville Postlethwaite as co-editor, began the journal Evaluation in Education, which latter became the International Journal of Educational Research. In addition to his work with the New York Data Processing Center, He worked for several years at the National Foundation for Educational Research (NFER) in England, the Science Education Centre in Israel and the University of California and Cornell University in the United States. He died in Chile, having gone there to help the country's National Research Coordinator for the IEA Study on Written Composition. His ashes are buried in London.
The Bruce H Choppin Award is given annually to an author who makes use of data from any of the IEA studies and employs empirical research methods in his or her master's or doctoral thesis, written within the three years preceding the entry date (31 March of that year). For further details see: www.iea.nl/Home/IEA/
Bruce H. Choppin Awards - Past Awardees
1985 Ingrid Munck, U. of Stockholm, Sweden
1986 Lauren Sontag, Columbia U.
1987 Nongnuch Wattanowaba, U. of Illinois
1989 Marilda Chandvarkar, Columbia U.
1990 KC Cheung, U. of London, UK
1991 Hans Pelgrum, U. of Twente, Netherlands
1992 Norbert Sellin, U. of Hamburg, Germany
1993 Andreas Schleicher, Deakin U., Australia
1994 Diedra Young, Curtin U., Australia
1997 Petra Leitz, Flinders U., Australia; Ingeborg Janssen Reinen, U. of Twente, Netherlands
1999 Dana Kelly, Boston College
2002 Laura M O'Dwyer, Boston College
The Bruce H. Choppin Memorial Award, IEA Rasch Measurement Transactions, 2003, 17:3 p.935
|Rasch Measurement Transactions (free, online)||Rasch Measurement research papers (free, online)||Probabilistic Models for Some Intelligence and Attainment Tests, Georg Rasch||Applying the Rasch Model 3rd. Ed., Bond & Fox||Best Test Design, Wright & Stone|
|Rating Scale Analysis, Wright & Masters||Introduction to Rasch Measurement, E. Smith & R. Smith||Introduction to Many-Facet Rasch Measurement, Thomas Eckes||Invariant Measurement: Using Rasch Models in the Social, Behavioral, and Health Sciences, George Engelhard, Jr.||Statistical Analyses for Language Testers, Rita Green|
|Rasch Models: Foundations, Recent Developments, and Applications, Fischer & Molenaar||Journal of Applied Measurement||Rasch models for measurement, David Andrich||Constructing Measures, Mark Wilson||Rasch Analysis in the Human Sciences, Boone, Stave, Yale|
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