# Practical Adaptive Testing CAT Algorithm

Here are the core steps needed for practical adaptive testing with the Rasch model.

0. Request next candidate: Set D=0, L=0, H=0, and R=0.
1. Find next item near difficulty (D).
2. Set D at the actual calibration of that item.
4. Obtain a response.
5. Score that response.
6. Count the items taken: L = L + 1
7. Add the difficulties used: H = H + D

If response not correct,
8. Target next item difficulty: D = D - 2/L

If response correct,
9. Count right answers: R = R + 1
10. Target next item difficulty: D = D + 2/L

If not ready to decide to pass/fail,
11. Go to step 1.

12. Calculate wrong answers: W = L - R
13. Estimate measure: B = H/L + loge(R/W)
If W = 0 then B = H/L + loge(R-0.5 / W+0.5)
If R = 0 then B = H/L + loge(R+0.5 / W-0.5)
For a more precise estimate of B, see Estimating Measures with Known Item Difficulties
14. Estimate Error: S = sqrt[L/(R*W)]
If W = 0 then S = sqrt[L/(R-0.5 * W+0.5)]
If R = 0 then S = sqrt[L/(R+0.5 * W-0.5)]

15. Compare measure B with pass/fail standard T.
16. If (T - S) < B < (T + S), go to step 1.
17. If (B - S) > T, then pass.
18. If (B + S) < T, then fail.
20. Go to step 0.

Practical adaptive testing. Wright BD. … Rasch Measurement Transactions 2:2 p.24

Practical adaptive testing. Wright BD. … Rasch Measurement Transactions, 1988, 2:2 p.24

Rasch-Related Resources: Rasch Measurement YouTube Channel
Rasch Measurement Transactions & Rasch Measurement research papers - free An Introduction to the Rasch Model with Examples in R (eRm, etc.), Debelak, Strobl, Zeigenfuse Rasch Measurement Theory Analysis in R, Wind, Hua Applying the Rasch Model in Social Sciences Using R, Lamprianou El modelo métrico de Rasch: Fundamentación, implementación e interpretación de la medida en ciencias sociales (Spanish Edition), Manuel González-Montesinos M.
Rasch Models: Foundations, Recent Developments, and Applications, Fischer & Molenaar Probabilistic Models for Some Intelligence and Attainment Tests, Georg Rasch Rasch Models for Measurement, David Andrich Constructing Measures, Mark Wilson Best Test Design - free, Wright & Stone
Rating Scale Analysis - free, Wright & Masters
Virtual Standard Setting: Setting Cut Scores, Charalambos Kollias Diseño de Mejores Pruebas - free, Spanish Best Test Design A Course in Rasch Measurement Theory, Andrich, Marais Rasch Models in Health, Christensen, Kreiner, Mesba Multivariate and Mixture Distribution Rasch Models, von Davier, Carstensen
Rasch Books and Publications: Winsteps and Facets
Applying the Rasch Model (Winsteps, Facets) 4th Ed., Bond, Yan, Heene Advances in Rasch Analyses in the Human Sciences (Winsteps, Facets) 1st Ed., Boone, Staver Advances in Applications of Rasch Measurement in Science Education, X. Liu & W. J. Boone Rasch Analysis in the Human Sciences (Winsteps) Boone, Staver, Yale Appliquer le modèle de Rasch: Défis et pistes de solution (Winsteps) E. Dionne, S. Béland
Introduction to Many-Facet Rasch Measurement (Facets), Thomas Eckes Rasch Models for Solving Measurement Problems (Facets), George Engelhard, Jr. & Jue Wang Statistical Analyses for Language Testers (Facets), Rita Green Invariant Measurement with Raters and Rating Scales: Rasch Models for Rater-Mediated Assessments (Facets), George Engelhard, Jr. & Stefanie Wind Aplicação do Modelo de Rasch (Português), de Bond, Trevor G., Fox, Christine M
Exploring Rating Scale Functioning for Survey Research (R, Facets), Stefanie Wind Rasch Measurement: Applications, Khine Winsteps Tutorials - free
Facets Tutorials - free
Many-Facet Rasch Measurement (Facets) - free, J.M. Linacre Fairness, Justice and Language Assessment (Winsteps, Facets), McNamara, Knoch, Fan

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